DESICCATED COCONUT POWDER
Kinal Global Care Private Limited is one the reliable and outstanding supplier of Desiccated Coconut Powder from India.
Coconuts are a way of life for millions of people around the world today in tropical climates. Known as the “tree of life,” the wonderful fruit of the coconut palm is rich in specific fats that have incredible health benefits. Traditional tropical populations that consume a lot of coconut oil are seldom overweight, and traditionally have been free from the modern diseases that afflict most western cultures.
It finds extensive use in confectioneries, bakeries, puddings and many other food preparations as a substitute to raw grated coconut.
Health benefits of Desiccated Coconut:
Desiccated coconut is rich in healthy saturated fats with no cholesterol and is also a good source of dietary fiber. Lauric acid, the major fatty acid from the fat of the coconut, has been recognized for its unique properties in food use, which are related to its antiviral, antibacterial, and antiprotozoal functions. Now, capric acid, another of coconut’s fatty acids has been added to the list of coconut’s antimicrobial components. These fatty acids are found in the largest amounts only in traditional lauric fats, especially from coconut. Also, recently published research has shown that natural coconut fat in the diet leads to a normalization of body lipids, protects against alcohol damage to the liver, and improves the immune system’s anti-inflammatory response.
Coconut contains dietary fiber which passes through the digestive tract without being broken down or absorbed and is passed out of the body. Instead of contributing to health problems like starch and sugar, fiber promotes good health. Coconut is a natural low – carb, high – fiber food ideally suited for low carbohydrate diets. Coconut flour has been found in several studies to have a glycemic lowering effect, because coconut meat has simple carbohydrate content coupled with a high fiber, it yields a flour that is less disruptive to blood sugar levels. It is vegan, low carb food and gluten free.
It is simple and well-established. Fully grown and matured coconuts of around 1 year are stored with husk for about a month to facilitate absorption of water and separation of coconut kernels from shell walls. After de-husking, their shells are removed and brown portion (also known as Testa) is removed by scrapping it off and in this process around 12-15% of the kernel goes as paring which is further processed to obtain oil, and thus there is a ready market for this By-product. Subsequently, de-shelled coconuts are broken into pieces, washed and disintegrated in powder form. This powder is then dried in tray drier at about 80-90°C and powder is stirred occasionally to ensure uniform drying. On cooling, it is passed through vibratory screen with different mesh sizes to segregate the powder according to mesh size. Finally, it is packed in moisture and oil-proof polythene-lined plywood boxes of 10, 25 or 50 kgs and even in retail packets of 200 / 400g..Recovery of desiccated coconut largely depends upon quality of coconuts. But on an average processing of 100 coconuts gives around 12-13 kgs. of coconut powder. By-products like parings and shell can be sold in the market. The process flow chart is as under:
De husking of coconuts
Removal of brown testa
According to IS 966:1999, DC is produced by a mechanical process of disintegrating, cleaned and dried pieces of pared kernel of fully matured and fresh coconut. The product should be natural white in color. It shall have characteristic taste, odor and flavor. It shall be free from cheesy, smoky, musty or any other objectionable odors, fungus and insect infestation. It shall be crisp, free from rancidity and not show fat sweating. DC is categorized into three types based on the particle siz and is as follows:
- Fine – if size of particle is between 1.40mm and 1.00 mm or if it is retained on 1.00mm IS test sieve.
- Medium- If size of particle is between 1070 mm and 1.40 mm or if it is retained on 1.40 mm iS sieve.
- Coarse – If size of particle is more than 1.70 mm or if it passes through 1.70 mm IS test sieve.
Yield of the product is 1 tone from 10,000 coconuts.
|Composition of the Product:|
|Moisture||1.5 – 3%|
|Protein||6.0 – 6.6%|
|Oil||68 – 72%|
|Carbohydrate||18 – 72%|
|Crude fibre||4 – 6%|
Buyer should know the below information:
Desiccated Coconut is a graded, dried (3% moisture content max.), and unsweetened fresh meat or kernel of a mature fruit of coconut. Desiccated Coconuts are graded by its cutting size, for example, fine grade and medium grade where fine grade is smaller particle size than the medium grade.
The process of desiccated coconut:
1. Removal of coconut husk,
2. Removal of coconut shell,
3. Removal of thick brown coconut skin,
4. Washing of white coconut meat to remove foreign material,
5. Bleaching of white coconut meat to reduce the number of microorganism to the safe level fit for human consumption within its shelf life,
6. Cutting of white coconut meat into the desired size,
7. Hot air blow drying the grated white coconut meat to reduce the moisture content from 19% to less than 3%,
8. Cooling of desiccated coconut,
9. Sieving of desiccated coconut to separate desiccated coconut as according to the desired size,
10. Finally, packing of desiccated coconut.
One thousand nuts are expected to yield about 130kg of Desiccated Coconut. Production of Desiccated Coconut is a real hard work as the removal of coconut husk, shell and skin are done manually or given the best of current technology are done semi-automatically.
Applications of Desiccated Coconut:
Desiccated Coconut is ideal for use as fillers, toppings and as ingredients, especially in the baking of biscuits, snack bars, cakes, cookies and so on.
How to identify a good quality Desiccated Coconut?
A good quality Desiccated Coconut should be white in color, reasonably free from yellow specks, black spots and other discolorations. It should have sweet aroma of coconut, mild characteristic of coconut without rancid and even particle size distribution.
What are black spots in Desiccated Coconut?
Back spots are foreign materials found in Desiccated Coconut. These foreign materials are primarily the grated and dried coconut skin, which had gone through the cutting and drying processes together with the white coconut meat. There is no perfect, error margin is allowable at not more than 4 pieces of black spots in 100 g of desiccated coconut is acceptable.
Low fat or high fat Desiccated Coconut?
The value of Desiccated Coconut lies at the fat content. Desiccated Coconut is categorized into full fat (high fat) or reduced fat (low fat). A full fat Desiccated Coconut has a minimum of 60% fat, any lesser is a reduced fat Desiccated Coconut. Full fat Desiccated Coconut has higher monetary value than the reduced fat. In the past, coconut fat or coconut oil has been mistakenly believed for causing heart disease. Coconut oil is high in saturated fats, which have been taking the blame for problems caused by trans fats. For details, click Aren’t coconut oils bad for health?
Packing and Storage of Desiccated Coconut:
Desiccated Coconuts are packed in multi-ply Kraft paper bags with inner sealed polythene to keep away from the atmosphere’s moisture. Desiccated Coconuts are packed in 10 kg, 25 kg or 50 kg. Desiccated Coconuts shall be stored in cool and dry place. Avoid direct sunlight and strong odour.
Container of Desiccated Coconut Powder:
20 Feet Container Consists of 12.5 metric tones
Exports of Desiccated Coconut from India:
India exported desiccated coconut worth USD 28,646,696 with total quantity of 10,123,929. Iran is the largest buyer of desiccated coconut accounting for exports worth USD 10,030,031 followed by United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia which imported desiccated coconut worth USD 5,678,496 and USD 1,944,900 respectively.